Diabetes is a growing public health problem around the world, and it’s no different in the United States.
Diabetes is a growing public health problem around the world, and it’s no different in the United States. Stay tuned to find out all about this important health issue!
There are more than 29 million people in the United States—or 9.3 percent of the population—who have diabetes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
And the prevalence of diabetes is only expected to rise. The CDC projects that as many as one in three American adults could have diabetes by 2050 unless preventative measures are taken.
Diabetes is a serious chronic condition that affects how your body metabolizes sugar. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it does produce. This causes sugar to build up in your blood instead of being used for energy. Over time, this can lead to serious health problems, including heart disease, nerve damage, kidney disease, blindness, and amputation.
There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. It occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce insulin or produces very little insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose (sugar) get into your cells to give them energy.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and usually occurs in adulthood when the body becomes resistant to insulin or doesn’t make enough insulin. obesity and a sedentary lifestyle increases your risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is another form of diabetes that can occur during pregnancy when
Overview of Diabetes in the US
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) estimates that about 30.3 million people, or 9.4% of the population, have diabetes. Of those, about 23.1 million are diagnosed, and about 7 million remain undiagnosed.
There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, while type 2 is more common in adults over the age of 45. However, type 2 diabetes is on the rise in children and adolescents due to obesity rates.
The CDC also reports that African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders are at a higher risk for developing diabetes than non-Hispanic whites. This may be due to a combination of genetic factors and lifestyle choices such as diet and physical activity levels.
Diabetes can lead to serious health complications including heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and limb amputation. Therefore, it is important for those at risk to be screened regularly and manage their condition with medication and/or lifestyle changes if necessary.
Where is diabetes most common in the US?
There are a few states in the US where diabetes is more common, and it largely depends on lifestyle and obesity rates. Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina and Tennessee all have higher-than-average diabetes rates. Interestingly enough West Virginia has the highest rate of diabetes at 10.2%.
As for whether or not diabetes is on the rise in the US overall – the answer is yes. Since 1995 there has been a steady increase in the number of Americans with diabetes. In 2015 there were 30.3 million people living with diabetes – that’s 9.4% of the population! While it’s true that type 2 diabetes (the kind most often associated with obesity) is increasing among young adults and adolescents (likely due to the childhood obesity epidemic), type 1 diabetes cases have also been rising steadily over time.
Is Diabetes on the Rise in the US?
In the United States, diabetes is on the rise. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the number of Americans with diabetes has quadrupled since 1980. Today, nearly 30 million children and adults in the U.S. have diabetes—that’s about 1 in 10 people.
Type 2 diabetes, which used to be known as adult-onset diabetes, is the most common type of diabetes. It makes up about 90% to 95% of all cases in the United States. In this form of diabetes, your body can still make some insulin, but not enough and/or your cells have become resistant to insulin. As a result, blood sugar level rises too high.
There are a number of factors that contribute to type 2 diabetes, including excess weight (especially around the waist), family history, age and race/ethnicity. African Americans, American Indians, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
Why is Diabetes on the Rise?
The rise in obesity is one of the main reasons that Diabetes rates have increased so dramatically in recent years. Approximately 1 in 3 American adults are obese and about 1 in 13 are extremely obese according to CDC data from 2014-2015. When someone carries excess weight, especially around their midsection, it puts them at greater risk for developing type 2 diabetes because it increases insulin resistance.
Other lifestyle choices can also increase your chances of developing type 2 diabetes, including lack of physical activity, poor eating habits and smoking. Additionally, certain health conditions like prediabetes and polycystic ovary syndrome can increase your risk.
While diabetes is on the rise in the US, awareness and prevention continue to be key areas of focus for public health organizations. Research suggests that losing 5-7% of body weight (e.g., 10-14 pounds for a 200 pound person) can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58%. Regular exercise and healthy eating are also great ways to help prevent or manage diabetes.
What are the Risk Factors for Developing Diabetes?
There are a variety of risk factors for developing diabetes, and some people are more at risk than others. Factors that can increase your risk of diabetes include:
• Family history. If you have a parent or grandparent with diabetes, you’re more likely to develop the disease.
• Obesity. People who are obese ( carrying a lot of extra weight) have a higher risk of diabetes.
• Age. Diabetes is more common as you get older.
• Inactivity. People who don’t get enough exercise are more likely to develop diabetes.
• ethnicity . Diabetes is more common in certain ethnic groups, such as Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, and African Americans.
If you have any of these risk factors, it’s important to talk to your doctor about ways to help prevent or delay the development of diabetes.
How Can We Reduce the Rate of Diabetes?
There are many ways to reduce the rate of diabetes. Some methods are more effective than others and some require more lifestyle changes than others. Here are a few ways to help reduce the rate of diabetes:
Cut down on sugar: Too much sugar can cause insulin resistance, which can lead to type 2 diabetes. Reducing sugar intake is one of the most effective ways to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.
Get active and lose weight: Being overweight or obese increases your risk of type 2 diabetes. Losing weight through regular physical activity can help you lower your blood sugar levels and improve your insulin sensitivity.
Eat healthy foods: A healthy diet is important for everyone, but it’s especially important if you have diabetes or are at risk for developing the disease. Eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help you control your blood sugar levels and improve your insulin sensitivity.
Don’t smoke: Smoking tobacco is one of the worst things you can do for your health. If you have diabetes, smoking raises your risk for complications like heart disease, stroke, and amputation. Quitting smoking is one of the best things you can do to improve your health and lower your risk for these complications.
Diabetes is a serious problem in the United States, and its prevalence is steadily increasing. Knowing where it’s most common and why it’s on the rise are important pieces of information for anyone hoping to understand diabetes and help those affected by it. While there are still many unanswered questions regarding this chronic illness, awareness is key in helping to reduce cases of diabetes across the US. With effective management strategies, proper knowledge about diet and lifestyle choices, and increased access to healthcare services for all US citizens, we can work towards reducing the number of people living with diabetes in our country.